definitions of 'charity'
1b : an institution engaged in relief of the poor raised funds for several charities
1c : public provision for the relief of the needy too proud to accept charity
2 : benevolent goodwill toward or love of humanity The holidays are a time for charity and goodwill.
3a : a gift for public benevolent purposes
4 : lenient judgment of others The critic was liked for his charity and moderation.
American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition
Collins English Dictionary
1. donations or generous actions to aid the poor, ill, or helpless.
The Charity Commission is established by law as the regulator and registrar for many charities in England and Wales provided that they adhere to a set of strict rules, some of which are open to interpretation - and some of which appear to be designed to ensure that charitable enterprises do not challenge the state. Their stated aim is to provide the best possible regulation of charities in England and Wales in order to increase charities' effectiveness and public confidence and trust. The persons below represent that Charity Commission in 2019.
The Charity Commission has a set of rules that are applied with various degrees of stringency such that applications to be registered are decided on principles that tend to violate Article 9, Article 10 and Article 14 of the European Convention of Human Rights. It appears to depend on who your Trustees are and how well connected they might be - where some decisions are not as consistent as they could be, but where their powers of investigation may sometimes be abused or bent to assist other agencies who might have an axe to grind, or worse still may have something to cover up.
We are keeping a watchful eye on specific cases where the explanations given are insufficient in one regard or another to make us suspicious as to the circumstances of refusal. Not that refusal bars an organisation that operates on a not for profit basis to call itself a charity.