horse’s hooves have to be regularly taken care of by a farrier.
Normally the hoof needs to be polished and superfluous horn cut off
with a blade every sixth week. This is necessary for both shod and
unshod horses. The hooves of a young horse have to be taken care of
even more often as their hooves grow faster - horse’s hooves are
not fully developed until the age of five.
farrier should look
over a foal’s hooves every third week, otherwise there is a risk
that the hoof becomes too long and that the angle between the
fetlock joint and the ground changes resulting in a shorter step and
the horse starts to trip. The horse may have pains all the way up to
the shoulders, if the hooves are too long on the front feet.
hooves sometimes get worn irregularly, the farrier
needs to correct this to prevent the legs and the joints from
changing because of their unevenness. A young horse, that has this
uneven position of the legs, wears out its tendons and joints faster
and harder than usual. A horse can shorten its life by several years
because of early and difficult lameness.
Feeding is important for the hooves, especially the amount of vitamins and minerals in the feed. Factors such as the bedding’s contents, its thickness, and how it is taken care of, also have an influence on the horse’s hooves. The bed has to be just thick enough to give the frog of the hoof enough resistance when the horse puts down its weight on it. If the horse continually has to stand on very thick bedding and does not get enough daily exercise, the hoof mechanism cannot function properly and blood and liquids that transport nutrients to the hoof cannot circulate. The same thing will happen if the horse constantly works in a riding-school that has a thick bedding of wood shavings.
hooves have to be examined every day in order to discover any
stones, sticks or nails that might cause damage and to see if there
are any wounds on the bulbs or the pastern. In addition, one can
discover if the hooves have started to chap, or if there is an
illness. One can also check to see if it is time to call the farrier
for cleaning or shoeing. In order to see if there is any damage, the
hooves have to be cleaned – all the way into the inner point of
do this, first pick out the feet carefully so that dung and sour
straw do not remain in the grooves. Move the hoof pick from behind
towards the front to the toe. Check that no foreign object is stuck
in the hoof or the shoe and make sure that the shoes fit well and
that no nail is missing.
HORSE SANCTUARY UK LIMITED is a company with charitable objects Registered in England and Wales No. 4593172